Murano Glass: Ten Centuries of Art

Known for its unique glass artwork as far back as the 10th century the island of Murano, off the coast of Italy, is the home of some of the most beautiful glassworks ever created. Murano artisans craft everything from figurines to art glass, wine stoppers and jewelry. The glassworks produced by Murano artists became so well known that nearly half of the island’s population was involved in glassmaking.

History of Murano Glass Making

In the late 13th century the people of Venice feared that their city would be destroyed by fire from the glass maker’s furnaces they forced the glassmakers to move to the island of Murano. By the 14th century the glassmakers had become the most prominent citizens of Murano. They were treated as royalty, immune to prosecution, allowed to carry swords and they found their daughters married to the most important families of the time.

How Murano Glass is Made

Traditional Murano glass manufacturing is an art handed down over the centuries and was once such a closely guarded secret that in the 1600’s glass artisans were forbidden from leaving the Venetian Republic. With glass blowing being a family tradition passed down through the family, many of the techniques have remained basically unchanged more than 500 years.

Starting with pure silica the glassmaker heats the silica until it achieves a liquid state. As it cools the glass enters a malleable state where the glass is firm where it can be worked, shaped and colored. The artist shapes, reheats, shapes again, reheats again, add color and substances such as sodium, nitrate or arsenic to achieve the desired final product.

Styles of Murano Glass

As with most styles of art, glass making contains many different and specific styles. Some of the most popular include:

Murrine: Murrine glass consists of layers of glass stretched over canes (long rods). When the glass cools it is then sliced revealing a pattern in the cross section. By using this technique the artist can create pictures and patterns in raw glass before melting it all together in to a single piece.

Filigrana: Also known as reticello or retortoli glass, filigrana glass created when color or white threads of glass are encased in clear glass rods. When the glass threads are woven to create a grid it is referred to as reticello and when the glass threads are twisted in to a spiral they are called retortoli. As one of the oldest glass techniques it is probably the style most identified as Murano glass.

Lattimo: Often used for thicker glass and sculptures, Lattimo glass is identifiable by its opaque white color. This white glass often serves as a canvas for colored enamels to be applied to create whatever pattern or picture the artist desires. Made without blowing, Lattimo glass achieves its opaque white color from the sodium that is added to the silica as the glass is made.

Sommerso: Superimposed, or layered, glass, Sommerso glass is created by submerging the object multiple times in various colors while it is being created. Each submersion lays a new layer of glass and color over the top of the preceding layer. This style of glass is actually quite new, having come in to production in the late thirties and gaining widespread popularity in the fifties.

Glass Jewelry

Glass has been used as jewelry since the earliest days of glass making. The first glass jewelry techniques date back to as far as 2300 BC and involved a process called core-forming. Using a copper rod a string of molten glass would be wrapped around the rod until a bead of glass was created. Color was added either through impurities in the source material or intentionally by adding pigments as the glass making process was improved and clearer forms of glass were created.

As technology progressed the process of lamp working or, more recently, torch working where a single direct flame or torch is used to heat the glass. By using a single flame the glass artist can control both the temperature at which they work and the layering process much more closely than could be done using a furnace and molten glass.

Modern Glass Jewelry Fashion

Glass jewelry has never really fallen out of style in more than 2,000 years. But recently it has seen a resurgence as bead jewelry has become wildly popular again. Dozens of manufacturers have started making Murano glass beads as a part of their jewelry lines. This has re-opened the old argument of whether glass beads made outside of Murano can be legitimately called Murano glass beads.

We see mass production, all by hand, in factories around the world now. Many are based in lower labor cost areas such as Thailand and India and even the Philippines. Much like Swarovski Crystal, there are a lot of crystal manufacturers in the world. But only one can call itself Swarovski. The difference being that Swarovski is a family/company while Murano is a region. I can’t tell the difference between Murano Glass beads made on the Island of Murano and anywhere else in the world, but I am sure that purists would prefer to have beads and glass made from there.

What I do know is that I like it.

business shuffle business precision business flavor business verde business intergrity business gratis business epic business anchor business clearance business eastside business corporation business feature business cellar business plum business divine business pronto business carnival business east bay business dodge business prestige business razor business atlantic business husky business remarkable business fighter business quantum business courier business construct business sparkle business rainforest business falcon business lightning business blod business downtown business curious businessafter businesss alvage business overnight business captive business amazing business abundant business designing business blender business imagine business just business surreal shoppinghusky shoppingnations shoppingremarkable shoppingfighter shoppingquantum shoppingpeach shoppingpresident shoppingsparkle shoppingrainforest shoppinglightning shoppingdowntown shoppingraven shoppingsalvage shoppingpriority shoppingmystical shoppingpermanent travellightning travellowprice travelmeasure travelmillions travelmystical travelnations travelnature travelnobel travelnormal travelnorthamerican traveloffline travelomega traveloneday travelouter travelpickup travelplatinum travelplum travelprecision travelprestige travelpriority travelpronto travelquantum travelrainforest travelraven travelremarkable travelrhino travelsalvage travelscribe travelshuffle travelsleuth travelsnapshot travelsouthbeach travelsparkle travelsunflower traveltopsecret travelurban travelyankee legalagenda legalcupcake legaldodge legaleastbay legalescrow legalgecko legalglory legalguerilla legallimited legalmystical Interior Designer Web Interior Designer Web Interior Designer Web Interior Designer Web Interior Designer Web Interior Designer Web Interior Designer Web Interior Designer Web Interior Designer Web Interior Designer Web Personal product Sell Products Online Marketing Product Product Research Analyst Product Research Facilitator The Food Products General Products Beauty Products Business beauty product skin care beauty salon product online product Marketing Products to Advertise online shop originals Product New Products Products Definition gigi hadid Web Hosting Themes The Best Savings Rates Shop Personal Loans Chiropractic Tables Skin Care in Centrum Cher Client Women's shoes Solar Installation Medical Weight Loss Clinic The Benefits Of Moving Insurance Online Dating Group Auto International All Medicine Reviews Fashion Clothing Style Management Consulting Real estate Fishing Games business dollars business stick business sonic business widget business folder business gun business rex business duck business cache business groove business worth business omatic business gang business visual business battle business kiss business orama business member business dish business request business echo islandst automotive guideto automotive goodday automotive automotive techo healty happy food food with cheese word class education higher education guide line education educational deal guide line education wedding pose shopping and news for men shopping best travel video travel web portal vip travel us travel visa my wedding light business gram business pipe business body business back business charts business dragon business roll atlanta home loans SEO Marketing Asian Beauty Products Business Information Center Nest Cam Indoor Nice Wedding Photographer channel girl Photoshop free room girl Skin Care Products Living Room Decoration Home Inspection Tips General Products Marketing Products Online Business Opportunities asia miss Infographic Design Baby Healthy Baby Accessories baby sexy Baby Furniture Baby Clothing Baby Products Baby Shop hi movie talk hi movie sex hi movie comedy hi movie sexy hi movie room hi movie show Online Home Inspector hi video movie hi vide ogood Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Online Shirt Shopping Shop jewellery and bags Online Shop Accessories Shopping Fashion Style Natural Health Magazine Bedroom Designs interior design ideas bedroom Premature ejaculation Health Tonics Herbs Natural Health Magazine Electrical System Vehicle The Shop Bulk Online Premature ejaculation www.777chat.info www.777good.info www.twshowkiss.info www.twtalk080.info www.twavtalk.info www.twshowlove.info www.twavsexy.info www.twavroom.info www.twavmovie.info www.twsexy888.info www.twsexyadult.info www.adult506.info The Legal Adviser www.twavshow.info www.twavnice.info www.asia222.info lawyer Legal advisor The Lawyer Portal good tube Personal product Sell Products Online Marketing Product Product Research Analyst Product Research Facilitator The Food Products General Products Beauty Products Business beauty product skin care beauty salon product online product Marketing Products to Advertise online shop originals Product New Products Products Definition Food Products Financial Products General Auctions operating systems product activation Product Keys Product Key Finder Heating Systems Home Automation Home Automation System Building Supplies Building Designer Building Consultants Bathroom Accessories Appliance Repairs Equipment Hire Extensions & Additions Floor Coating Products Furniture Removal Garden Maintenance Garden Designer Interior Designer Interior Decorating Kitchen Design Landscape Construction Landscape Design Project Management Landscaping & Gardening Patio Cover Installations Tile Suppliers Home Access Control Home Alarm Systems Home Intercom Systems Home Security Card Access Plumbing Installation Home Entertainment System Home Improvement Mistakes Home Improvement Leads Home Improvement Tips Home Improvement Grants Home Improvement Stores Home Improvement Projects Green Home Improvements Marketing strategy Marketing Concept Affiliate marketing Smart Affiliate Marketing Strategies Best Affiliate Marketing Networks Best Affiliate Programs Digital marketing Internet Marketing Services digital transformation Seo Web Marketing Web Marketing sex dictionary sex diseases sex education film sex facts for teenagers sex health tips sex medicine for male sex positions during pregnancy sex power medicine sex relationships Vibrators and Adult Toys sex pills for women sex relationships online dating business online dating catfish online dating elite Adult Superstore sexuality counseling sex facts and tips sex power medicine sex relationships sex related words sex pills for women sex relationships Free Online Casino Online Casino Games the best online casino games Winning Strategy Games Best Gaming Experience Play Online Casino Games Online Casino gambling Slots gambling The Best Online Casino Play Online Casino Games Play Online Casino Play Online Pokies Real Money Slots Online Slots and Casino Play Online Slots Real Money Casinos Play Slot Machines Online Real Casino Jackpot Party Casino Slots Real Casino Slots Apps sex dictionary sex diseases sex education film sex facts for teenagers sex health tips sex positions during pregnancy sex power medicine sex relationships sex related words Vibrators and Adult Toys sex pills for women online dating business online dating catfish online dating elite Adult Superstore sexuality counseling sex facts and tips online dating service sex good for health sex positions during pregnancy sex power medicine Home and Patio Decor Center Home Remedies The Best Smart Home Security Systems Home Design Ideas Home Decorating Ideas Best Home Builders Home Building Online Courses Home Builder Marketing Top Living Room Flooring Best Logistics Software Best Application Comparison Shipping Software Solutions Logistics Management Software Logistics Software Systems Software Developers Systems Software Developers Software Developer Education Most Popular Software Applications Technology Applications Phone System Software Information Technology Spy Phone Technology download Smartphone Spy Phone Technology Software Developers Systems Software Developers Software Engineer Software Developer Education Android Software Applications Most Popular Software Applications Cell Phone Monitoring Software Software Technology Technology Applications Best Application Comparison Shipping Software Solutions Wedding Ideas Virgin on Wedding Night find the meaning of wedding Wedding Websites Virgin on Wedding Night Wedding Planning wedding planning tips business plan Invest Your Money Online Services for Businesses public relations Small Business Trends social media facebook social networking facebook Tips Small Business Best Application Comparison Software Developers Software Developer Education Android Software Applications Small Business Marketing Most Popular Software Applications cheap ray ban sunglasses Travel Insurance Information Backpacker Advice Kitchen Design Patio Cover Installations tw girl asia chat tube Landscape Construction Landscape Design Cheap Hotels Travel Tips Travel Guides Travel Information Cheap Flight and Hotel Packages‎ Travel Insurance Cheap Hotels and Flights Best Restaurants Vegetarian Restaurants Hotels And Resorts Best Hotel Restaurant Travel Information Trip Travel Insurance Compare Cheap Holiday Travel Insurance Find Cheap Hotel Discounts Cheap Hotels and Flights Cheap Hotels Travel Tips Travel Guides Travel Insurance Find Cheap Hotel Discounts Addiction Causes Causes of Alcohol Addiction Causes of drug addiction Drug Abuse Information Substance Abuse Programs Choosing a Addiction Rehab Program Drug Rehab Treatment Information New Drugs Online Personal product Sell Products Online Marketing Product Product Research Analyst Product Research Facilitator The Food Products General Products Beauty Products Business beauty salon product stroke sony Ecommerce Marketing Strategy Ecommerce Marketing and Technology The Lawyer The Business Law Bankruptcy Lawyer Law Firms Legal Information Attorney Best Lawyers The Best Advice Lawyer Lawyer Requirements Lawyer Employment Law Reports Wedding Ideas Virgin on Wedding Night wedding definition quotes wedding definition of marriage find the meaning of wedding Wedding Planning Wedding Planning Guide Wedding Websites wedding planning tips Small Wedding Planning kitchen cabinet water damage waste disposal Patio Furniture glass shower home builders custom cabinets home theater systems floor plans blenders heaters switch fixtures lighting furniture electric fences glass kitchen carbon filters kitchen sink home improvement bed kitchen cabinets aluminum water filter houseplants personal injury health insurance bad credit loans fast cash advances cash advance loans insurance loans auto insurance loans for bad credit payday loan loans with bad credit injury lawyer personal injury lawyer personal loans online payday loan fast cash loans malpractice insurance brokerage firm injury lawyers Consulting immigration law business law accident attorney home builders car insurance consolidation loans fast cash online loan application cash advance companies payday advance instant payday loans application form apply now cash loan make money free money life insurance affordable health insurance mortgage structured settlement European Vehicle Market Vehicle Systems Electrical System Vehicle business autocar Online Drivers Car Education Online Drivers vehicle technologies electrical Auto Parts and Service technology supports autocar driver education requirements Online Programs Driver Education Auto Information Auto and parts Automobile Repair Shop woman lingerie Auto Parts Suppliers Auto Repair Shop Auto Body Parts Online Auto Body Parts apartments real estate luxury condos Commercial Property For Sale Commercial Real Estate Commercial property Apartments for rent apartment finder service Find Apartments for Rent Apartment Luxury Homes Real Estate Developments Mortgage Rates Best Mortgage Rates Free Online Dating Tips on Free Online Dating Psychology of Your Online Dating Partner Free Online Dating Services Free Online Dating Website Dating Site for Women Free Dating Site And Free Online Dating Making online dating sex dictionary sex diseases Drug Abuse Information Travel Guides Hotel and Travel developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web developers designer web Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers Find Web Developers businessonlinegj.tk businessonlinelqr.tk businessonlinehyr.tk businessonlinedjn.tk businessonlinewblj.tk businessonlinerbq.tk businessonlinejs.tk businessonlinesr.tk businessonlinekf.tk businessonlinexn.tk businessonlinelnt.tk businessonlinelj.tk businessonlinewn.tk businessonlinekp.tk businessonlineby.tk businessonlinemr.tk businessonlineyn.tk businessonlinewm.tk businessonlineph.tk businessonlinebn.tk businessonlinehr.tk businessonlinety.tk businessonlinedm.tk businessonlinedy.tk businessonlinegn.tk businessonlinenb.tk businessonlinewb.tk businessonlinenq.tk businessonlinesf.tk businessonlinetqr.tk businessonlinezn.tk businessonlineqf.tk businessonlinept.tk businessonlinedt.tk businessonlinedp.tk businessonlinedj.tk businessonlineqh.tk businessonlinedn.tk businessonlinecx.tk businessonlinesx.tk businessonlinegk.tk businessonlinegl.tk businessonlinegp.tk businessonlineyr.tk businessonlinemh.tk businessonlinesg.tk businessonlinedl.tk businessonlinemb.tk businessonlinemnz.tk businessonlinempx.tk businessonlinenn.tk businessonlinens.tk businessonlinenl.tk businessonlinepq.tk businessonlineq.tk businessonlinelb.tk businessonlinefy.tk businessonlineky.tk businessonlinerb.tk businessonlinebq.tk